Headgear used by goaltenders only is evaluated to ASTM F1587 "Standard Specification for Head and Face Protective Equipment for Ice Hockey Goaltenders." This standard uses a combination of the testing performed on players helmets and full face protectors. Minimum requirements include; area of coverage, field of view, chinstrap strength and elongation, face mask impact resistance and helmet liner impact absorption.
The helmet/mask combination is mounted to a test headform to ensure the headgear provides the proper area of coverage and field of vision. A simulated stick blade is used to ensure that no contact can be made with the face through the face mask openings. The masks are then cold conditioned for the puck impact testing. A puck is fired at the mask at 80 mph to test for breakage of the cage portion of the mask. The impacts are aimed at the center of the eye, the center of the mouth, and the side of the face underneath the center of the eye.
The helmet portion of the mask is tested for chin strap strength and elongation by applying a load to the chin strap using a simulated chin bone structure. Measurements are taken to evaluate the properties of the chin strap to ensure proper release and slip/stretch. The impact absorption properties are testing by dropping a helmet (with the headform inside) onto a flat hard surface. When dropped onto the flat surface, instruments in the headform measure the force transmitted through the helmet to the headform. This test is performed at ambient, hot and cold conditions. At each of these conditions the helmet must absorb a minimum amount of energy in order to meet the requirements of the standard.
Visor testing is similar to the full face protector testing in that the product is tested for area of coverage, impact resistance and compatibility with helmets. The difference is the standard used to evaluate the product, visors are evaluated to CAN/CSA Z262.2. Each visor and helmet combination listed as compatible in the manufacturers user instructions is mounted onto a headform to ensure the proper facial coverage and field of vision.
The impact testing is also performed in the same manner as the face protectors, with a couple of exceptions. All visor impacts are aimed at the center of one of the eyes of the headform. The impact speeds are also different, the contact test is performed at 22 mph and during the impact, the visor is not allowed to contact the headform. The toughness test, is performed at 63 mph and like the face protector standard does not allow for any fracture of the visor. Again, as is in the face protector testing, all impacts are performed at both the ambient and cold condition.